Anemia – a Dangerous Health Disorder and a Reason for Many Diseases

The anemia is a condition in the body caused by a decreased number of red blood cells or hemoglobin. The hemoglobin is the main part of the red blood cells. It binds the oxygen and participates in the transport of oxygen to all the organs of the human organism. It’s a very common disease in all age groups and it can also be a reason for other diseases.



What are the causes for anemia?

It can be caused by blood loss, decrease of the production of red blood cells and destruction (decomposition) of the red blood cells. Anemia caused by blood loss develops slowly during a longer period of time and can remain undiscovered for a long time. The blood loss mostly appears because of some gastrointestinal diseases, like ulcers, hemorrhoids, gastritis, cancer, abundant menstrual flows in young girls during the period of puberty and women in post-menopause and during giving birth. In case of anemia caused by decreased production of blood cells, the body produces a small amount of red blood cells or the blood cells don’t function properly. This group encloses the anemia with iron deficiency, which is mostly present among people and is a result of iron deficiency in the organism, necessary for the production of hemoglobin. Its appearance is characteristic when winter ends and during the period of early spring after a longer period of time, when the nutrition lacks fresh fruits and vegetables, rich in iron.

Sickle-cell anemia appears when the red blood cells look like a sickle because of genetic deficiency and decompose quickly. Anemia because of lack of vitamin B12 and lack of folates that participate in the building of red blood cells, appears because these components are very important and shouldn’t be lacked. Anemia which appears when the red blood cells are weak and can’t stand the routine stress of the circulatory system, so they breach, decompose etc. and it’s known as hemolytic anemia. Although the reasons for this type of anemia aren’t known, it’s considered to be caused by stress, infections, toxins, certain types of food, tumors, difficult burns etc.

How to recognize anemia?

The symptoms vary depending of the type of anemia. In the beginning, they can be mild and non-noticeable or mixed with the symptoms of other diseases, so people aren’t even aware that they have anemia until they perform a routine blood analysis. The most common symptoms for all the types are: getting tired easily, loss of energy, difficulties in breathing. They appear because the decreased number of red blood cells contains less hemoglobin which causes decreased oxygen flow in the brain, heart, muscles etc. The heart works faster so that it can increase the blood flow through the organs and compensate the lack of oxygen. Other symptoms include: headaches, weakened concentration, dizziness, pale skin, leg cramps, sleepiness, loss of appetite.

Treatments of anemia

If it’s not treated in time, the patient may need a blood transfusion. The treatments are different and depend on the causes for the anemia, so it’s very important to discover the cause and then approach towards the suitable treatment. Iron deficiency can be treated with preparations that contain iron. They’re best taken before a meal so that they can absorb better. These preparations should be taken with care since the excessive usage can have side-effects like: vomiting, diarrhea, headache, heart diseases, irritability and taking iron during a meal can alleviate these effects.

Preparations with calcium should be avoided or taken in different times of the day, since calcium can obstruct the absorption of iron. The patients should also avoid caffeine e.g. coffee and tea. Proper and combined nutrition is very important especially for people who lose blood in any way.

The nutrition should include: red meat, especially beef, spinach, broccoli, beetroot, beans, peas, nuts, dried fruit, fish, sea food, eggs, cheese and wheat. Patients should also intake sufficient amounts of vitamin C, which stimulates the absorption of iron, so it’s good to take a glass of squeezed orange or lemon juice and eat more fresh fruits and vegetables.

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