Gout is a metabolic disorder that is characterized by recurrent attacks of inflammatory arthritis. The most common symptoms are swollen and stiff feet, accompanied by extreme pain. The underlying cause of gout is the abnormally high level of uric acid (hyperuricemia), which occurs as a result of an inefficient removal of waste. Uric acid is formed during the breakdown of purines (heterocyclic aromatic organic compounds that are found in many food products). When the kidneys can’t remove the uric acid properly, it starts to crystallize and form deposits in our joints, which leads to inflammation. The joint at the base of the big toe feet is affected in about half of gout cases. Other joints like heels, knees, fingers and wrists may also be affected. If left untreated, increased uric acid levels can lead to tophi, kidney stones, and urate neuropathy.
However, despite the obvious connection between high uric acid levels and gout, it doesn’t mean that everyone who suffers from hyperuricemia will also experience gout.
HOW TO REDUCE ELEVATED URIC ACID (HYPERURICEMIA)?
The first thing you should is to change the lifestyle and the unhealthy eating habits. Every healthy diet is usually based on foods such as vegetables and fruits, whole grains, some types of seafood, and lean meat.